You can define formulas and use them to create derived columns in worksheets.

You create formulas by combining standard functions and operators, column names, and constant values.

Anyone who can create a worksheet can add a formula to it. Formulas are not reusable; the formula you create is associated only with the worksheet it belongs to. A complete list of available formulas and examples of each is available in the Formula function reference.

You can create a formula in a worksheet by using the Formula Builder. When you do this, the result of the formula gets added to the worksheet as a column. Use these steps to create a formula:

  1. Create a new worksheet, or edit an existing one.
  2. Click the + button next to Formulas.


  3. Type your formula in the Formula Builder.

    Note: Formula elements are color coded by type and can include the formula operators and functions (blue), the names of columns (purple), and/or constants (black).

  4. If you want to change what your formula returns, use the Advanced settings.

    Depending on your formula, you may be able to change:

    • Data type
    • Aggregation type

  5. You can see a list of formula operators with examples by clicking on Formula Assistant.

  6. Name the formula by clicking on its title and typing the new name. Click Save.